Covering California’s cap-and-trade program and Near Zero’s report, California’s climate emissions are falling, but cap-and-trade is not the cause, E&E News spoke with Near Zero’s Danny Cullenward:
Yet a study by Near Zero, a think tank affiliated with the Carnegie Institution for Science at Stanford University, finds that the reductions aren’t likely attributable to cap and trade itself. Rather, the paper says, the drop was largely due to other policies, like the state’s renewable portfolio standard (RPS) for electricity.
The biggest drop in greenhouse gas emissions last year came from electricity, which saw a shift from natural gas to hydropower. Much of that was likely due to the increased supplies of hydropower available after the state’s five-year drought ended. Other increases in renewable generation were due to the state’s RPS and incentives that promote rooftop solar. Meanwhile, emissions from transportation fuels and refining saw a slight uptick.
The reductions are “coming in the sector where, frankly, a lot of the other policies are doing the work,” said Near Zero research associate Danny Cullenward, who was named by state Senate President Pro Tempore Kevin de León in September to a committee that tracks the economic and environmental performance of the cap-and-trade market. No other members have yet been named to the five-person committee, which was created by A.B. 398, the bill that extended the market to 2030 earlier this year.
Cullenward also pointed out that a chronic oversupply of allowances, as well as the legal uncertainty that plagued the cap-and-trade program until this year, meant that companies should logically not have been expected to make financial decisions based on the program’s stringency.
California regulators are currently mapping out their emissions reduction route to 2030, when they are aiming to reach 40 percent below 1990 levels. The Air Resources Board needs to design its post-2020 cap-and-trade program to achieve roughly 43 percent of the reductions as envisioned, Cullenward warned.
“Anyone who’s serious about the markets has to address this issue,” he said.
Read the full article, “Emissions drop not due to cap and trade — study,” by Debra Kahn, on the E&E News ClimateWire website (subscription may be required).